Imitation = x is an artwork only if it is an imitation.
Representational = x represents y. For example an artist intends x (a picture) to stand for y (a haystack) and the audience realizes that x is intended to stand for y’
Neo-representationalism = x is an artwork only if it is about something.
Doris Lessing ‘The Cleft’ – This piece of literary work would not fall into the category of Imitation art as it is a work of fiction and so is not an imitation of anything factual.
‘The cleft’ could be classed as a representational work. The book is written with characters, theories and content that are familiar yet still fictitious as a whole.
‘The cleft’ would be considered a piece of neo-representational art due to the fact that it contains content (the story) and is therefore ‘about’ something.
Hans Giger ‘Necromonicon’ – The Necromonicon series of artworks would not be categorized as a work of imitation. This is due to the fact that the artwork (as a whole) contains no content that could be said to be an imitation of any real world elements.
Necromonicon contains images of bio-mechanical humans. This of course in itself is not an imitation of any thing found in the real world. However, certain elements within the whole work could be classed as representational. For example, the picture below contains easily distinguishable facial features and is therefore defined as representational.
As with ‘The cleft’, Necromonicon contains content that is intended to be ‘about’ something. Therefore the work would be classed as neo-representational.