Expressionism = Something is art only if it expresses emotion.
Doris Lessing ‘The Cleft’ – This piece of literary work was written with the intention of portraying a ‘prologue’ to modern humans. Lessing admits being fascinated by an early scientific paper which concluded that all humans at one time in our evolution were all female. And so Lessing wrote ‘The Cleft’, a fictitious work that is based on this theory.
This belief is fully expressed in her writing and does well in conveying the emotions associated with such a belief, for example her frustration directed at the male gender. This emotion is understood by the reader, however, is not (by the majority) reciprocated. The literary critic Harold Bloom once accused Lessing of ‘a crusade against male human beings’.
‘The Cleft’ expresses the emotions felt by the author quite clearly . The book brings forth emotions individual of the reader generally due to the controversial theory behind the work. Therefore ‘The Cleft’ is a work that fits into the category of expressionism.
Hans Giger ‘Necromonicon’ – This series of paintings, (in my opinion) is the very definition of expressionism. His paintings portray images of bio-mechanical humanoids, aliens and nightmarish landscapes.
Giger is documented as saying he fascinated with such things, as well as “bones and vertebrae” (see interview link below).
For anyone viewing Necromonicon for the first time may be appalled, disgusted or scared at the sight of these nightmarish figures. The interview elaborates when Gigers wife Carmen Maria Giger explains that many women in particular find his work disturbing. For those who know his work already agree with Gigers own opinion that it is beautiful, distinctive and original to the point that his work has inspired many feature films to adopt his style and characters in their movies.